How to import a OpenGnsys image

First of all, copy the .img OpenGnsys image file to your Ravada system.

The .img OpenGnsys files are raw disk dump compressed with lzop. You can see the contents of a img lzop file with:

lzop -l B5part3dataUbuntu.img method compressed uncompr. ratio uncompressed_name LZO1X-1 4536669058 7962881402 57.0% B5part3dataUbuntu.img.raw

Now, we will decompress the file. We have to force it because it doesn’t have a .lzop extension:

lzop -x -S .img /opt/opengnsys/images/B5part3dataUbuntu.img ls

4 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Nov 27 12:49 . 12 drwxrwxr-x 13 root opengnsys 12288 Nov 27 12:48 .. 7776256 -rwxrwxr-x 1 opengnsys opengnsys 7962881402 Oct 26 12:51 B5part3dataUbuntu

As you can see, the raw file have no extension.

file B5part3dataUbuntu B5part3dataUbuntu: data

Now, we have the raw content of our image disk. Opengnsys uses partclone to create an image disk. The next step is dump this raw file to a qcow2 disk using partclone.

Tip

You can get the partclone utilities from opengnsys, you can download from the web: https://partclone.org/download/, or extract from a partclone package for you linux distribution.

You can inspect the raw file with:

Now, we have to create an empty qcow2 file and dump the raw file inside. First of all, create the qcow2 file. It’s important to check the size to ensure that the dump will fit in.

qemu-img create -f qcow2 B5part3dataUbuntu.qcow2 70G

Now, we mount the qcow2 file in your system, to dump it.

Tip

You can follow this guide to do it: `How to mount a qcow2 disk image <https://gist.github.com/shamil/62935d9b456a6f9877b5>’__

Now, whe can create the partition structure of your disk. After create it, this is the result:

fdisk /dev/nbd0 Disk /dev/nbd0: 90 GiB, 96636764160 bytes, 188743680 sectors Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes Disklabel type: dos Disk identifier: 0xc0545c3a

Device Boot Start End Sectors Size Id Type /dev/nbd0p1 2048 182454271 182452224 87G 83 Linux /dev/nbd0p2 182454272 188743679 6289408 3G 82 Linux swap / Solaris

Now, we have 2 partitions, /dev/nbd0p1 and /dev/nbd0p2. To dump the img disk we have to use the partclone.ext3 utility:

Command to restore:

# ./partclone.ext3 -s ./B5part3dataUbuntu -O /dev/nbd0p1 -r Partclone v0.2.38 http://partclone.org Starting to restore image (./B5part3dataUbuntu) to device (/dev/nbd0p1) Calculating bitmap… Please wait… done! File system: EXTFS Device size: 69.8 GB Space in use: 69.7 GB Free Space: 85.1 MB Block size: 4096 Byte Used block : 17008739

The process begin, and you can follow the logs:

00:00:07, Remaining: 00:05:36, Completed: 2.04%, Rate: 12.16GB/min,

Elapsed 00:00:01, Completed: 99.97%, Rate: 1.23GB/min, Elapsed: 00:56:28, Remaining: 00:00:00, Completed: 99.98%, Rate: 1.23GB/min, Elapsed: 00:56:29, Remaining: 00:00:00, Completed:100.00%, Rate: 1.23GB/min, Elapsed: 00:56:29, Remaining: 00:00:00,

Completed:100.00%, Rate: 1.23GB/min,

Total Time: 00:56:29, Ave. Rate: 1.2GB/min, 100.00% completed!

Total Time: 00:56:29, Ave. Rate: 1.2GB/min, 100.00% completed! Syncing… OK! Partclone successfully restored the image (./B5part3dataUbuntu) to the device (/dev/nbd0p1) Cloned successfully. root@willow: /ssd/estegoxCloneC6root@willow:/ssd/estegoxCloneC6#

Now, you can verify the filesystem, mounting it:

mount /dev/nbd0p1 /mnt/suse

ls -als /mnt/suse/
total 168 4 drwxr-xr-x 26 root root 4096 Mar 2 12:20 . 4 drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Mar 1 13:55 .. 4 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 3 2017 assig 4 -rw——- 1 root root 199 Mar 2 11:42 .bash_history 4 drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Feb 2 11:51 bin 4 drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 4096 Mar 2 12:30 boot 4 drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 May 10 2017 mnt
20 -rw-r–r– 1 root root 19732 Sep 23 2015 ogAdmLnxClient.log

4 drwxr-xr-x 80 root root 4096 Feb 19 11:33 opt

Maybe didn’t full the entire disk. You can expand it to fit all the disk:

umount /mnt/suse e2fsck /dev/nbd0p1 e2fsck 1.43.5 (04-Aug-2017) /dev/nbd0p1: clean, 1897474/5701632 files, 16969078/22806528 blocks resize2fs /dev/nbd0p1

Now, unmount que qcow2 file:

qemu-nbd –disconnect /dev/nbd0

And that’s all! Now you can create a Ravada vm and attach the disk.

It’s possible that the system needs some extra adjustments. One tipical problem is modify the /etc/fstab to change the /dev/sda references to /dev/vda . Another common problem is recreate the grub boot or add support to /dev/vda devices.