Install Alpine Linux¶
Alpine is a really small linux distribution. It can be installed in a really tight disk drive with barely no RAM. It is good for testing purposes but it can also be used in production servers.
These are guidelines to install Alpine Linux inside a Ravada KVM Guest.
The guest should have more than 256 MB of RAM. If you are planning to run many services you should create the virtual machine with more memory. You can increase it later if you want to keep it slim.
At least 1GB disk drive is required. A swap partition should also be added when creating the virtual machine.
When the machine is created start it from Admin Tools menu, click on Virtual Machines to see a list. At the right there is a bunch of buttons. Click on view to start and access the virtual machine console.
Once it boots login as root with no password.
Alpine Linux has a setup script that eases the installation process. These are the default settings we use in a Ravada-KVM Virtual Machine.
Start the setup typing:
If you see an error about missing mirrors you must stop the process pressing CTRL+C , then set manually a mirror like this one:
export MIRRORS=http://mirror.leaseweb.com/alpine/ setup-alpine
First choose a keyboard layout and variant.
Type a hostname for the virtual machine. If you call it with the same name when you created the machine before it would be easier for you:
The setup will detect a network interface, probably eth0. Accept this value. Also you should probably accept using dhcp and answer no to manual network configuration, unless you know what you are doing.
Type a new password for the root user.
Select a timezone, the default UTC won’t do any harm when you are testing, but if you know the actual timezone, type it.
If you are downloading packages through a proxy tell it now, you probably should keep it to none.
Choose a mirror for Alpine to download packages from. Type 1 if you set the mirror manually with an export before. If not type f and it will check your connection and choose the best one, it may take a while.
Answer openssh when asked about an SSH server.
The setup script will ask the disk
Available disks are: - vda - vdb Which disk(s) would you like to use? [none] vda How would you like to use them ? [?] sys WARNING: Erase the above disk(s) and continue [y/N]: y
Now the setup process will install minimal applications to start the server.
Once it is installed reboot to continue setting this virtual machine.
Installing more software¶
You should at least install these applications and start udev:
apk add qemu-guest-agent acpi udev rc-update add udev rc-update add udev-trigger rc-update add udev-settle rc-update add udev-postmount rc-update add qemu-guest-agent
Shutdown and restart¶
Type these commands from the console to restart and shutdown the server:
Add a swap partition¶
If you added a swap volume in the Ravada installation form you must define it later after the Alpine setup script.
Define de partition¶
The swap device will be probably in /dev/vdb , check first with df it is not mounted already. If it is not shown it is ok.
Using fdisk you should find an empty disk and you must create the partitions like this:
localhost:~# fdisk /dev/vdb Command (m for help): n Command action e extended p primary partition (1-4) p Partition number (1-4): 1 First cylinder (1-2080, default 1): Using default value 1 Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2080, default 2080): Using default value 2080 Command (m for help): w The partition table has been altered. Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table
Create the swap¶
Type this to start using the swap space:
This command will check the memory utilization, at the bottom there should be now a swap entry:
total used free shared buffers cached Mem: 1031924 48896 983028 100 2884 10964 -/+ buffers/cache: 35048 996876 Swap: 1262140 0 1262140
Add it to the system¶
echo "/dev/vdb1 swap swap defaults 0 0" >> /etc/fstab
Now the swap space is configured, after rebooting the system it should show typing the free command.