Install Alpine Linux

Alpine is a really small linux distribution. It can be installed in a really tight disk drive with barely no RAM. It is good for testing purposes but it can also be used in production servers.

These are guidelines to install Alpine Linux inside a Ravada KVM Guest.

Base Guest

The guest should have more than 256 MB of RAM. If you are planning to run many services you should create the virtual machine with more memory. You can increase it later if you want to keep it slim.

At least 1GB disk drive is required. A swap partition should also be added when creating the virtual machine.

../_images/create_alpine.png

Create Alpine Virtual Machine

When the machine is created start it from Admin Tools menu, click on Virtual Machines to see a list. At the right there is a bunch of buttons. Click on view to start and access the virtual machine console.

../_images/create_alpine_view.png

Start and View Virtual Machine

Login

Once it boots login as root with no password.

Setup

Alpine Linux has a setup script that eases the installation process. These are the default settings we use in a Ravada-KVM Virtual Machine.

Start the setup typing:

setup-alpine

Keyboard

First choose a keyboard layout and variant.

Hostname

Type a hostname for the virtual machine. If you call it with the same name when you created the machine before it would be easier for you:

Networking

The setup will detect a network interface, probably eth0. Accept this value. Also you should probably accept using dhcp and answer no to manual network configuration, unless you know what you are doing.

Password

Type a new password for the root user.

Timezone

Select a timezone, the default UTC won’t do any harm when you are testing, but if you know the actual timezone, type it.

Proxy

If you are downloading packages through a proxy tell it now, you probably should keep it to none.

Mirror

Choose a mirror for Alpine to download packages from. Type f will check your connection and choose the best one, it may take a while.

SSH Server

Answer openssh when asked about an SSH server.

Partitioning

The setup script will ask the disk

Available disks are:
- vda
- vdb
Which disk(s) would you like to use? [none] vda
How would you like to use them ? [?] sys
WARNING: Erase the above disk(s) and continue [y/N]: y

Now the setup process will install minimal applications to start the server.

Installing more software

You should at least install these applications:

apk add qemu-guest-agent acpi

Shutdown and restart

Type these commands from the console to restart and shutdown the server:

reboot
poweroff

Advanced Settings

Add a swap partition

If you added a swap volume in the Ravada installation form you must define it later after the Alpine setup script.

Define de partition

The swap device will be probably in /dev/vdb , check first with df it is not mounted already. If it is not shown it is ok.

Using fdisk you should find an empty disk and you must create the partitions like this:

localhost:~# fdisk /dev/vdb
Command (m for help): n
Command action
   e   extended
   p   primary partition (1-4)
p
Partition number (1-4): 1
First cylinder (1-2080, default 1):
Using default value 1
Last cylinder or +size or +sizeM or +sizeK (1-2080, default 2080):
Using default value 2080
Command (m for help): w
The partition table has been altered.
Calling ioctl() to re-read partition table

Create the swap

mkswap /dev/vdb1

Test it

Type this to start using the swap space:

swapon -a

This command will check the memory utilization, at the bottom there should be now a swap entry:

free
             total       used       free     shared    buffers     cached
Mem:       1031924      48896     983028        100       2884      10964
-/+ buffers/cache:      35048     996876
Swap:      1262140          0    1262140

Add it to the system

echo "/dev/vdb1       swap    swap    defaults 0 0" >> /dev/fstab

Now the swap space is configured, after rebooting the system it should show typing the free command.